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Parenting

Kangaroo Mother Care and the Bonding Hypothesis

PEDIATRICS Vol. 102 No. 2 August 1998, p. e17

Réjean Tessier*, Marta Cristo, Stella Velez, Marta Girón, SW; Zita Figueroa de Calume, Juan G. Ruiz-Paláez, Yves Charpak, and Nathalie Charpak

From the *School of Psychology, Laval University, Québec, Canada; ISS-World Lab, Kangaroo Mother Care Program, Clinica del Nino, Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia; - Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Javeriana University, Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia; and EVAL (Institut pour l'Évaluation dans le domaine Médical, Médico-social et de Santé Publique), Paris, France.


TABLE 1

A Comparison Between the KMC Group and the TC Control Group Based on Sociodemographic, Labor, and Delivery Characteristics

Variables KMC Controls F(p) Variables KMC Controls F(p)
Social insurance, n (%) PROM*, n (%) 81 (34)  85 (36) .65
  Usuaria 167 (68) 150 (62) .22 Duration <48 hours 224 (93) 223 (93)
  Beneficiaria  79 (32)  91 (38)   >48 hours 17 (7) 15 (6) .86
Age of the mother   (mean ± SD) 27.4 ± 6.0 27.3 ± 5.8 .79 Cesarean section n (%) 170 (69) 163 (67) .75
Marital status n (%) Duration of labor
  Stable couple 205 (83) 209 (86)   <12 hours 225 (93) 222 (95) .46
  Unstable couple  8 (3)  9 (4) .48   >12 hours 18 (7) 13 (6)
  Single  33 (13)  24 (10) Primiparae, n (%) 99 (40)  88 (37) .46
Mother’s education   level, n (%) Multiple deliveries, n (%) 46 (19)   8 (16) .47
  Primary or less  50 (20)  50 (21)
  Secondary 141 (57) 134 (56) .92 Number of prenatal visits (mean ± SD) 7.2  ± 3.7 7.5  ± 4.7 .51
  >Secondary  55 (22)  57 (24)
Mother’s employment,
  n (%)
Postpartum hospital stay, day (mean ± SD) 2.6  ± 1.1 2.5  ± 1.1 .16
  Office work  32 (13)  33 (14)
  Physical labor  84 (34)  69 (29) .43
  Housewife  81 (33)  95 (39) Mother’s height, cm (mean ± SD) 158.3  ± 7.1 157.7  ± 6.8 .30
  Others  49 (20)  45 (19)
Per capita monthly Mother’s weight, kg (mean ± SD) 54.5  ± 7.1 53.9  ± 8.2 .40
  (1994 Col pesos) 91 000 82 000
  Mean (min-max) (14-400 000) (17-300 000) .06
* Premature rupture of membranes.
Pediatrics (ISSN 0031 4005). © 1998 by the American Academy of Pediatrics

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